Bagan / Myanmar
Bagan is located on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River, a historic royal city in Southeast Asia Myanmar (Burma), 155 km south west of Mandalay. Located on Irrawaddy on which trade routes from China and India meet, Bagan was already in the middle of the 9th century the central place Upper Burma. Under the king Anawrathas (accession in 1044) and his son Kyanzittha Bagan flourished and the kingdom grew to the size of present-day Myanmar. The rulers of Bagan linked their power closely to the Buddhist faith and in only two hundred years in the town about 6000 temples, pagodas and monasteries decorated with sandstone, glazed panels and stucco were built. The hayday of Bagan ended when in 1287 the army of the Mongol prince Kublai Khan took over the city.
Today Bagan is one with more than two thousand preserved sacral buildings of brick to the largest archaeological sites in Southeast Asia. The area with temples extends over approximately 36 km². In addition to the architectural monuments found in Bagan with murals dating from the 11th to the 13th century, the oldest preserved paintings of Southeast Asia, which are perfectly preserved partly through the extremely dry climate.