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List of ports - Australia

The squarely laid-out inner city with about 1.1 million inhabitants is similar to that of Melbourne and Christchurch (New Zealand). It has been planned from the outset as a business district. Adelaide is held in strict architecture and is surrounded by the leisurely flowing Torrens River. A few years ago Adelaide was rather dull and puritanical. With the arrival of the artists scene in North Adelaide, this picture has however changed fundamentally and Adelaide is getting increasingly cosmopolitan.
The suburb Glenelg comes very close to the English models. Old residential houses, snug inns and many restaurants characterize this place. The beaches are from Marino to Osborn invite for a swim. The beach at Glenelg is just one part of the many kilometer-long beach. Maslin Beach is one of the most beautiful and cleanest beaches in the country. The beautiful countryside is reminiscent of a lunar landscape. On the one side the sea and on the other a jagged rock landscape. Another plus is an attractive hinterland, for example, the forested low mountain range of the Adelaide Hills and the Mount Lofty Range.
Airlie Beach with its 2,800 inhabitants, located in the federal state of Queensland, is a popular tourist destination on the east coast of Australia. Near the Whitsunday Islands and the diving paradise of the Great Barrier Reef area, the town attracts people also due to its pleasant and yet tropical climates from around the world.
With 30,000 residents, Albany is one of the larger cities of western Australia. It is located in the south polar sea 408 kilometres off Perth, approx. 53 kilometres off Denmark and features a natural port. The beautiful sandy beaches are framed with billions of years-old granite stone. The first settlers came to Albany in 1826, two years before Perth was colonised. Today, the city is a famous holiday resort for all western Australia. Near Albany the natural spectacles Natural Bridge and The Gap can be seen.
Alice Springs, with its approximately 22,000 inhabitants, is the only major city of the Australian inland, more than 1,500 km away from other urban centers. During the laying of the transatlantic telegraph line a first settlement was built here in 1872. Today Alice Springs is the most important starting point for travelers in the endless expanse of the Australian outback.
Canberra with its 350,000 inhabitants is the capital of Australia and at the same time the largest city within the continent. The planned city, whose construction began in 1913 arose as a compromise, because the rivalry between Melbourne and Sydney to the capital status failed to reach solution. On May 9, 1927 Canberra finally became official capital.
Bigge Island lies 6 km off the coast of northwestern Australia region of Kimberley. It is named after Augustus Island, the second largest island of the Bonaparte Archipelago.
Brisbane is the state capital of Queensland in northeast Australia.
The city lies on the Brisbane River near its estuary mouth with the Coral Sea, with 1.73 million inhabitants (in the metropolitan area). Brisbane was founded in 1824 as a penal colony and is named after the then Ggvernor of New South Wales, Sir Thomas Brisbane.
Broome is the center of the pearl industry and is located on the Indian Ocean. Particularly inspiring are the almost endless-wide, white beaches with turquoise waters and a red-orange-colored rocky coast. The town has Asian influences with a small Chinatown due to the former pearl divers.
Bunbury is a town of about 60,000 inhabitants in the Australian state of Western Australia. Established was the place in 1829, it became city in 1979. In Bunbury starts the coast section known as "Gold Coast"  with its stunning white sandy beaches.
Bundaberg with its 47,000 inhabitants, is a town in the Australian state of Queensland, located on the Burnett River, near the eastern coast. Founded in 1870, Bundaberg quickly developed into a major trading center of the surrounding sugar plantations. Even today this industry branch plays a major role here.
Cairns, the capital of the region "Far North", is full of a tropical lifestyle. As secret "backpacker" capital of Australia, it attracts almost magically young travelers with its unlimted leisure time offer. The crystal clear sea, white sandy beaches lined with palm trees, offer the best conditions for water sports. In the vicinity of Cairns there are untouched coasts and bays and a mysterious wilderness of rainforests with a high middle mmountain range in the background.
The town Camden Harbour was in 1865 the first attempt to colonize the Australian Kimberley, located in the deserted northwest of Australia.
The headland Cape York is the northernmost point of Australia. The Cape York Peninsula is part of the state of Queensland.
The sea surrounding the island is a paradise for divers, besides, there are huge numbers of marine birds and the largest shell prawns of the world. Th climate is mild throughout the year and rainfalls are rare.
Cid Harbour is a large, well-protected natural harbor on Whitsunday Island, the largest island of the Whitsunday Islands that lies ahead of Queensland (Australia) in the Pacific.
The Cobourg Peninsula is located in the Northern Territories, in the north of the Australian continent. The land area is mainly known among nature lovers for the Cobourg Marine Park and the Garig Gunak National Park.
Cooktown in Queensland is the northernmost town on Australia's east coast. The English explorer James Cook landed here in 1770 at the mouth of the Endeavor River named after his ship and spent with his crew there several days to repair his ship. Some 110 years later gold was found in Palmer River. Through rush of diggers (prospectors) a tent city arose which very fast became a proper settlement which was given the name Cook's Town (later Cookstown) At that time Cookstown counted approximately 30,000 residents. But even before the turn of the century  the gold discoveries ran dry and the decline of the city began. In the years 1907 and 1949 violent storms raged across the city, so that a large part of Cooktown was destroyed. The settlement has today about 1,800 inhabitants.
Cowes is the capital of the Australian island Phillip Island, which is the most visited tourist attraction in Australia after the Ayers Rock.
The Crocodile Islands are an archipelago, located off the coast of Australia's Northern Territory. The archipelago was discovered in the 17th century by the Dutch. Among the better-known islands of the group,belongs, for example, Milingimbi.
Off the natural bay of the port there is much to admire. In the harbor, sunken ships from the Second World War lie  underwater. Divers can explore the wreck, there settle lots of new corals. It is possible to explore the harbor by boat. You are offered sailing trips and tours. At high tide in Aquascene in the Doctors Gully there are many hungry fish that can be fed here by hand.
Dirk Hartog Island is an island in the area of Shark Bay on the west coast of Australia. It is about 80 km long and between 3-15 km wide and the longest and most western island of Western Australia. The Dutch explorer Dirk Hartog after which the island was named, stepped on October 25, 1616 for the first time on Australian soil, making him the second European in Australia. Dirk Hartog Island is officially accessible through the city of Denham only for 10 years and is still uninhabited. It belongs to the political municipality Shire of Shark Bay and is privately owned. Due to optimal environmental conditions, the island has been a UNESCO world heritage since 1991.
Dunk Island is a small island, located off the coast of the Australian state of Queensland. The island belongs to the Family Islands, the largest part of its area is protected and is part of the Family Islands National Park. The original owners and residents of the island were the aboriginal tribes of Bandjin and Djiru. In the late 19th century the first Europeans finally settled permanently on Dunk Island.
Eden is one of the main places of Sapphire Coast, the southernmost part of the coast of the Australian state of New South Wales. The name of the coast can be attributed to the clear sapphire blue waters of the Pacific. The area of ​​the Sapphire Coast approximately populated fairly sparsely populated with 27,000 people is composed of many small places between which string together beautiful beaches, small villages in the fertile, slightly hilly hinterland and the densely wooded Brown Mountains, which are located about 70 km from the coast and which represent a beautiful, almost unexplored area for hiking. Eden, the southernmost town of the Sapphire Coast, situated on the picturesque Twofold Bay, was formerly a whaling center. Today, people have specialized in ocean fishing.
The Entrance Iceland, also known as Zuna is an approximately 3.3-km-long and 1.7 km wide uninhabited island of the archipelago of the Australian Torres Strait Islands. In 1606, six months before Luís Vaz de Torres, the sailor after whom these islands were named, the Dutchman Willem Janszoon discovered this archipelago. In 1770 finally, the Torres Strait Islands were occupied as part of Australia by the British. Today the islands belong mostly to the Australian state of Queensland.
Esperance is a town with about 10,000 inhabitants located on the south coast of the Australian state of Western Australia. The citys history began in 1627, when the Dutch vessel Guild Zeepaard passed by the local coastline. According to all presumptions, in 1792 French explorers were for the first time at the site of the present town when they went offboard as they sought refuge from a storm. The city was named after their ship L'Espérance ("Hope"). In the following years, whalers, pastors and miners settled there, who participated in the more northerly mines and the great gold rush. Today Esperance lives of fishing, agriculture and tourism.
At the center of Western Australia's coast 1,100 kilometers north of Perth is the small town of Exmouth with approximately 3000 inhabitants. In 1967 it was mainly built as a communications base of the US Navy, in the 90s, the US Navy is however removed again. The climate is tropical, but usually quite dry. The average temperature in winter is 25 ° C, in summer it lies at 35 ° C. Through the Leeuwin flow, a flow of hot water that moves from north to south, the water is warm all year round. It is responsible for the lush coral growth at Ningaloo Reef. Outside the front door in Exmouth are the beaches Jansz Beach, 5-Mile Beach and Turquoise Beach. From November to March you can see there the migration of rare green turtles that use the beach to lay their eggs.
Fitzalan island is a small rocky island off the east coast of Australia, between Hamilton and Whitsunday Island.
Flinders Island is a Tasmanian island at the eastern end of Bass Strait between Tasmania and Australia.
Forbes Island is located off the coast of Cape York Peninsula, which belongs to the state of Queensland. The headland of Cape York is the northernmost point of Australia.
Fraser Island is the largest sand island in the world, it offers several lakes, Lake McKenzie, Lake Butterfly as well the wreck of T.S.S. Maheno.
Mostly of the jetty of the Kingfisher Bay Resort on the west coast of the island is used for docking.
Fremantle was in the early 19th century the capital of west Australia. For many immigrants, the harbour city was the gate into the Land "Down Under". This way, Fremantle developed to a multicultural city. Fremantle is popular for its market. A different experience is the prison of Fremantle that was occupied until 1991 and attests of inhumane confinement, there is a 90 minutes' night tour to see it. Also worth seeing is the Fremantle Museum as well as the Western Australian Maritime Museum.
Geelong is the second largest city in the state of Victoria and a commercial, port and industrial center. 130,000 people live here.
 Geraldton experienced its heyday in 1890 as main port for the gold rush.
The Goulburn Islands are a group of small islands and islets off the coast of Arnhem Land, in Australia's Northern Territory. The Warruwi, the Australian aboriginals are the owners of these islands.
The Great Barrier Reef, located off the northeast coast of Australia is the largest and also the most impressive coral reef on earth. It is considered as one the seven wonders of nature and has been a UNESCO world heritage since 1981. It was discovered in 1770 by British navigator James Cook who on his first South Seas voyage (1768-1771) ran aground with the ship.
Hamilton Cove is one of the Whitsunday Islands , an archipelago off the east coast of Australia, consisting of 74 islands of which 17 are inhabited. On June 4, 1770 James Cook sailed through the islands and named the passage traveled by him after Whitsunday, Whitsunday Passage. Most islands have national park status and are part of the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area. The largest island is Whitsunday Island. The islands and the parallel running land were inhabited by the people of the Ngaro, one of Australia's oldest aboriginal tribe. They are regarded as good fishermen and navigators.
Hamilton Island is part of the archipelago of the Whitsundays off the coast of Queensland in Australia. The Whitsunday Islands consist of 74 islands of which 17 are inhabited. Originally, these islands were a mountain of volcanic origin and belonged to the mainland until the sea level raised considerably after the end of the last ice age. In the mid-19th century the first settlers came to the Whitsundays and in 1920 the first guest cabins were built on the islands. Hamilton Island is the largest inhabited island of the Whitsunday Islands.
The Hardy Reef is located 80 km off the Australian east coast of the state of Queensland. It is part of the Great Barrier Reef which is composed of over 2,900 individual reefs and about 1,000 islands and due to its this impressive dimensions is even visible to the naked eye from space. In October 1981, the entire reef system was declared by UNESCO a world nature heritage.
Hayman Island belongs to the group of islands of the Whitsundays off the coast of Queensland in Australia. The Whitsunday Islands consist of 74 islands of which 17 are inhabited. Originally, these islands were a mountain of volcanic origin and belonged to the mainland until the sea level raised considerably after the end of the last ice age. In the mid-19th century the first settlers came to the Whitsundays and as of 1920 the first guest cabins were built on the islands. Hayman Island is the northernmost of the these islands and has a size of about 360 hectares.
Hook Island belongs to the archipelago of the Whitsunday Islands, located off the coast of the east Australian state of Queensland. 17 of the 74 islands of the archipelago are inhabited, most of the islands are part of the Whitsunday Islands National Park. So also Hook Island, whose beautiful hiking trails will lead you to the most fantastic places and best lookouts of the island.
The Houtman Abrolhos Islands are three hours away by boat west of Geraldton in Western Australia. The namegiver of the islands, Frederick de Houtman (1571 - 1627), was a Dutch researcher who in 1619 discovered this hitherto unknown landmass when he followed the Australian coast northwards near the present-day Perth.
The Australian Hunter River rises south of Liverpool Ranges at a height of about 1,100 and flows eastwards in the state of New South Wales to the Pacific. The river has a length of about 210 km and immediately passes the towns of Maitland and Newcastle, two important centers for the trade of goods and commodities. In the 1790s it was discovered by European researchers and in 1797. officially named after John Hunter, the former governor of the British colony of New South Wales. The valley of the river is an important agriculturally usable area. The area is one of the most important of the whole continent for coal extraction.
Jar Island is a small rocky island off the northern coast of the Australian state of Western Australia, in the south of Vansittart Bay.
The Kangaroo Island is after Tasmania and the Melville Island  the third largest island of Australia. It lies in the Gulf of St. Vincent, 112 km southwest of Adelaide. About 10,000 years ago, this island was separated from the mainland by the rise of the sea. Around 4,100 people live here, of which 1,400 in the capital Kingscote. In many parts the Kangaroo Island is agricultural.
The Cape Leveque lies at the head of the Australian Dampier Peninsula, located 220 kilometers north of Broome. It has belonged for several years to the Bardi Aborigines. One handed them the land on the condition that they would use the area for a tourism project. In the following years the site of Kooljaman was built.
The Kimberley region is located in the northwest of the Australian continent. It was named after the Earl of Kimberley. With its 320,000 km2, the area is 30% larger than the Federal Republic of Germany, but only about 15,000 people here, mainly in small coastal towns and on large cattle ranches. Much of the region is still unexplored today. This also applies to the coastal strip, the Kimberley Coast with its center, the 14,000-inhabitant- town of Broome.
King Island is a Tasmanian island, located at the western end of Bass Strait, which runs between Tasmania and Australia. Together with the Furneaux Group east of Tasmania King Island belongs to the remains of the former land bridge to mainland Australia. The island is named after Philip Gidley King (1758 - 1808) the former Governor of New South Wales to which the area of ​​Tasmania belonged at that time. About 1,600 people live on King Island. Largest city on the island is Curry. The former mining town Grassy, ​​in the east of the island, is known today for its penguin colonies at the harbor.
The Kangaroo Island is the third largest island of Australia. It is located 112 kilometers south-west of Adelaide in the Gulf of St Vincent, 13 kilometers from the coast at the top of the Fleurieu Peninsula in the federal state of "South Australia", is 145 km long and between 900 meters and 57 kilometers wide.
The Diamond Islands belong to the Coral Sea Islands. This group of small tropical islands and reefs, with a coastline of 3,000 km with a total land area of only 3 km2, is located in the Coral Sea, northeast of Australia. In none of these islands, there is a port, there are just anchorages sites off the coast. The Coral Sea Islands have belong since 1969, as created territory, to Australia.
The group of the four Lacepede Islands (East Iceland, Iceland Middletown, Sandy Iceland and west Iceland) is located off the Australian north west coast. In 1801 the French explorer Nicolas Baudin discovered the four islands, naming it after the famous zoologist and naturalist Bernard Germain Etienne Médard de La Ville-sur-Illon, Comte de La Cepede, whose son was also present at the discovery of the islands. Today the  Lacepede Islands are officially nature protected.
The Lizard Island is located northeast of Australia directly in the Great Barrier Reef. The island is a South Sea paradise unparalleled, as it combines many advantages in itself.
The small island Lord Howe off the East coast of Australia lies in the Tasman Sea. It is of volcanic origin and therefore offers incredible natural phenomena and diverse wildlife. The port is located in the west of the island in the middle of the city and from here you can reach all beaches, either on foot or by bicycle, (there is hardly any public transportation - but they are not even necessary).
Mackay (about 62,000 inhabitants) lies at the mouth of the Pioneer River, almost exactly halfway between Brisbane and Cairns and has a heavy  Victorian influence. In close proximity is the holiday region of the Whitsunday Islands.
Upstream is the world-famous Great Barrier Reef.
Around is a huge farming and cattle breeding area with fertile valleys, where a lot of sugar cane is cultivated. Expansive river deltas characterize the region.
Melbourne, Australia's second largest city with 3 million inhabitants is the capital of the state of Victoria, located at Port Phillip Bay and the mouth of the Yarra River. The area where the city is located was first explored by Europeans in 1803. In addition, In 1835, rival groups from Tasmania settled and gave it the name Port Phillip. In contrast to other settlements in South-East Australia, Melbourne was never a penal colony, but was designed from the outset as a residential area with wide roads and expansive parks. In 1837 the city received its present name in honor of the then Prime Minister of Great Britain, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount of Melbourne. After the establishment of the Australian Federal Republic in 1901, Melbourne was temporarily the seat of the Australian Federal Government. In 1913, Canberra became the new federal capital, but the government moved to it only in 1927. In 1956, the Olympic Summer Games took place in Melbourne.
The Montebello Islands are an uninhabited archipelago located in the Indian Ocean, off the northwest coast of Australia. Only 35 of the 174 islands have a name. The two largest islands are Hermite Island and Trimouille Island. In May 1622 the first Europeans reached the islands, when a ship of the British East India Company ran aground a coral reef. Since the 19th century the waters around the island have been systematically used  for pearl fishing.