Falkland Islands / United Kingdom
The archipelago of the Falkland Islands is located in the southern Atlantic. Geographically they belong to South America, but are a British overseas territory. This is made up of some 200 islands, the most important of which are West Falkland and East Falkland each with around 6,000 km2. Until the arrival of European settlers, the islands were uninhabited. It was discovered in 1592 by the English navigator John Davis (1550-1605), who, however, did not dock here. The ground was first stepped on there for the first time in 1690 by John Strong, who named the islands Falkland Islands in honor of the British officer and politician Anthony Cary, 5th Viscount Falkland.
In Stanley a museum set up in the house of the last Argentine residents, shows objects and documents on the history of the Falkland Islands. In the city's port, a trail runs along a series of shipwrecks, some of which are there for the first half of the 19th century. The Falkland Islands are a very popular destination, especially due to its scenic rugged beauty. Because of the sub-arctic climate, the only trees that are able to thrive here are maximum 1-m-high dwarf birches. The islands are covered with numerous grasses and various clovers. Originally there was on the Falkland Islands only one native land mammal, the Falkland fox. This, however, was already extinct in the 19th century. 63 native bird species inhabit the island today.