Melbourne / Australia
Melbourne, Australia's second largest city with 3 million inhabitants is the capital of the state of Victoria, located at Port Phillip Bay and the mouth of the Yarra River. The area where the city is located was first explored by Europeans in 1803. In addition, In 1835, rival groups from Tasmania settled and gave it the name Port Phillip. In contrast to other settlements in South-East Australia, Melbourne was never a penal colony, but was designed from the outset as a residential area with wide roads and expansive parks. In 1837 the city received its present name in honor of the then Prime Minister of Great Britain, William Lamb, 2nd Viscount of Melbourne. After the establishment of the Australian Federal Republic in 1901, Melbourne was temporarily the seat of the Australian Federal Government. In 1913, Canberra became the new federal capital, but the government moved to it only in 1927. In 1956, the Olympic Summer Games took place in Melbourne.
Melbourne is full of sights. Here is a small selection:
Attractions include the State Parliament House, the Royal Exhibition Buildings, the Stock Exchange (1968) and Saint Patrick's Cathedral. In the Fitzroy Gardens the house was built where British sailor and explorer James Cook spent his childhood. He took possession of the east coast of Australia for Great Britain in 1770. Also worth mentioning are the Government House, the Royal Botanic Gardens and the National Herbarium. The University of Melbourne (1853) is located in Parkville. In November 2000 the Melbourne Museum opened the largest museum complex in the southern hemisphere. The architecturally ambitious building houses more than 16,000 exhibits on some 80,000 square meters. The most important attraction is the 30-meter-high Forrest Gallery, which contains 82 plant and 25 species of animals. One of the most important tourist attractions was the aquarium built in the river bed of the Yarra River.